Numbers – how to read dates

To talk about dates in English, the ordinal numbers are used to refer to the day of the month:


We write: New Year’s Day is 1st January.


We say: New Year’s Day is the first of January.


We write: Her birthday is on 29th March.


We say: Her birthday is on the twenty ninth of March.


To talk about years, they are usually divided into two halves:


1984 = nineteen eighty four (19 / 84)


1066 = ten sixty six (10/66)


1999 = nineteen ninety nine (19/99)


However, this changes with the year 2000, which is read two thousand, and the following years up to 2009 (two thousand and nine):


2001 = two thousand and one


2002 = two thousand and two


2003 = two thousand and three


Until we get to 2010 which can be said either way: two thousand and ten or twenty ten.


The same applies to:


2011 = two thousand and eleven or twenty eleven


2012 = two thousand and twelve or twenty twelve


Up to 2019 = two thousand and nineteen or twenty nineteen.