Parts of speech

In English there are eight main parts of speech:


Noun: used to identify people, places, or things


e.g.: dog, cheese, people (common nouns); James, Sally, London (proper nouns)


Pronoun: used to replace nouns:


e.g.: I, you, he, she, it, we they (subject pronouns); me, you, him, her, it, us, them (object pronouns)…


Adjective: used to describe nouns e.g.: red, sweet, delicious, amazing…


Verb: used to describe actions or states e.g.: walk, feel, be, work, dance…


Adverb: used to modify verbs or adjectives: e.g.: very, always, quietly, noisily, happily…


Preposition:  used to describe the relationship between other words in a sentence, such as where or when something happened: e.g.: in, on, out, after, before…


Conjunction: used to connect clauses or sentences: e.g.: because, although, since, however…


Interjection: used to express a sudden thought or feeling, an exclamation:

e.g.: Ah! Dear me! Wow!…