Dependent prepositions with adjectives

A dependent preposition is a preposition which ALWAYS follows the same expression. Let’s look at a useful list of dependent prepositions with adjectives (to be + adjective + preposition):


  • addicted to –  He’s addicted to smoking.

  • afraid of – I’m really afraid of snakes

  • ashamed of –  I’m very ashamed of my behaviour. Please forgive me.

  • aware ofAre you aware of the consequences?

  • different fromMy brother is totally different from me.

  • excited aboutI’m so excited about my birthday party!

  • familiar withAre you familiar with Excel?

  • famous forWhat is your city famous for?

  • fond ofMy grandmother is very fond of her little dog.

  • frightened ofAll the pupils are frightened of Mr Jones.

  • interested inI’m interested in ancient history.

  • jealous ofClaire is jealous of Jen because Jen always does better in exams.

  • keen onI’m not keen on horror films.

  • married toDid you know that she’s married to Tim?

  • obsessed withMy daughter is obsessed with TikTok.

  • proud ofWe are all so proud of you for getting your degree.

  • responsible forAt work, I’m responsible for arranging meetings.

  • similar toThis report is very similar to John’s report.

  • worried aboutI’m worried about the meeting with my boss


Remember that dependent prepositions don’t follow a rule as to which preposition to use so we need to learn them and keep practising!


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World bee day (20th May)

Did you know that 1/3 of the food we eat is pollinated by bees?


Without bees we would lose:


  • 100% almonds (almendras)
  • 90% apples (manzanas)
  • 90% onions (cebollas)
  • 90% blueberries (arandanos)
  • 90% cucumbers (pepinos)
  • 90% carrots (zanahorias)

(Source: Renee Johnson, Congressional Research Service 2010)


Bees are vital to our ecosystem and food crops – in the USA bees have declined around 33% and in Europe around 12%. This is bad news for farmers, governments and us – if it continues it will mean less variety of fruits, nuts and vegetables which would lead to an imbalanced diet.


Why are bees declining?

  • Use of pesticides – pesticides are highly toxic for bees
  • Urbanisation – this means loss of habitat for bees – long grass, trees and wild flowers
  • Climate change – some bees can only survive in very specific temperatures

What can we do?

  • Plant flowers such as lavender, mint, poppies and native flowers which bloom at different times of the year in our gardens or terraces
  • Buy raw honey from local farmers
  • Buy organic fruit and vegetables
  • Avoid using pesticides in our gardens
  • Leave a bowl of water outside with pebbles or twigs in for bees to perch on and rehydrate themselves

Vocabulary


Pollinate – polinizar


Ecosystem – ecosistema


Crop – cultivo/cosecha


Decline – decaer


An imbalanced diet – una dieta no equilibrada


Pesticide – pesticida


Lavender – lavanda


Mint – menta


Poppies – amapolas


Bloom – florecer


Raw honey – miel cruda


Organic – ecológico


Pebble – piedrita/guijarro


Twig – ramita


Perch – posarse

 

Make vs do

Make and do can be confusing… when do we use make or do in English if in Spanish they both mean hacer? Don’t worry! That’s English will help you!


We make the bed in the morning and we make lunch…. but we do homework and we do yoga. Can you see the difference? We could say that do focuses on the action or process, whereas make focuses on the outcome or final product.


  • Make es algo que elaboras o fabricas, también se usa para reacciones y planes. Se enfoca en el producto final o el resultado.

  • Do es para acciones, trabajos y actividades. Se enfoca en la acción o proceso.

Here is a helpful list for you to see more collocations with make and do:

MAKE

·         a cake/cookies


·         a cup of tea


·         breakfast/lunch/dinner


·         a mistake


·         a profit


·         a phone call


·         plans


·         someone cry/happy/angry


·         a suggestion


·         a noise

DO

·         housework


·         the washing up


·         the shopping


·         something right/wrong


·         nothing/something/anything


·         a favour


·         your job


·         business (with)


·         a report/ a project


·         some work

Spring cleaning

Spring cleaning is when you do a deep clean of your house, including things you don’t often clean such as the fridge or the curtains and you also get rid of things you don’t need anymore.


How often do you spring clean? Are there any chores that you hate doing?


Cleaning vocabulary:

Deep clean – limpieza profunda

I need to do a deep clean of the kitchen this weekend – the oven and fridge are filthy!


Get rid of – deshacerse de

I usually get rid of old clothes when I do a spring clean.


Chores – tareas domésticas

The chores I hate doing are ironing and washing up!


Dust – quitar el polvo

Don’t forget to dust around the TV!


Vacuum/hoover – pasar la aspiradora

I vacuum/hoover the bedrooms once a week.


Mop – pasar la fregona

I always mop the kitchen floor after dinner.


Tidy up – recoger

What a mess – tidy up!


Declutter – despejar/organizar

A good way to declutter your wardrobe is to sell clothes you don’t wear.


Do the washing – hacer la colada

I forgot to do the washing yesterday and I don’t have any clean clothes!


Do the washing up – lavar los platos

My husband cooks and does the washing up.


REMEMBER:

  • Do the washing refiere a la ropa, no a los platos.
  • Dust, vacuum y mop son verbos y sustantivos – mop significa la fregona y pasar la fregona.

 

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