LGBT Pride

June 28th marks the celebration of international LGBT day.

In fact, the whole month of June is LGBT pride month – in 1995 June became LGBT History Month and in 1999 Bill Clinton was the first US President to officially recognise Pride Month.

The New York Pride Parade is one of the largest and well-known with an estimated 2 million people taking part.

The first pride march was held in New York City on the 28th June 1970 a year after the Stonewall Uprising.

The Stonewall Uprising took place on 28th June 1969 when police raided a gay club in New York City named The Stonewall Inn – this lead to a riot as the police roughly threw people and employees out of the bar. This was followed by six days of protests and violent confrontations. As a result, the international gay rights movement was born.

Nowadays International LGBT Pride Day is celebrated with colourful parades, rainbow flags, concerts and cultural events.

The most well-known celebration in Europe is in Madrid with over a million people attending each year.


LGBT = Lesbianas, Gays, Bisexuales, Transgénero

Parade = desfile

Take part = participar

March = marcha (manifestación)

Riot = disturbio

Throw (someone) out = echar

Violent confrontations = enfrentamientos violentos

International gay rights movement = movimiento internacional de derechos gay

Flags = banderas




Suffixes: -er vs -ee

Employer or employee, trainer or trainee? What’s the difference?

We often use the suffixes –er and –ee with nouns to describe people and their positions.

An employer is the boss, the person who employs the staff.

An employee is a worker, they are employed by the boss.

A trainer gives training.

A trainee receives training.

If a noun takes the suffix –er it means that the person performs the verb as we have seen in the example of employer (the person employs others).

If a noun takes the suffix –ee it means that the person is the object or beneficiary of the verb as we have seen in the example of employee (the person who is employed).

Here are more examples:

  • Payer

  • Payee

  • Interviewer

  • Interviewee

Can you think of some more examples?




Dependent prepositions with verbs


Let’s continue looking at dependent prepositions!

A dependent preposition is a preposition which ALWAYS follows the same expression. Let’s look at a useful list of dependent prepositions with verbs (verb + preposition + complement):

Accuse of – He accused me of lying!

Apply for –Tim has applied for hundreds of jobs.

Approve of – My mum doesn’t approve of my new boyfriend.

Base on –The series is based on the book by Margaret Attwood.

Belong to –This jacket belongs to Phil – he’s forgotten it!

Depend on – I might go swimming later, it depends on what time I finish work.

Insist on – She insisted on repeating the rules again and again.

Invest in – I’m thinking of investing some money in virtual coins.

Listen to – Listen to the recording twice to check your answers.

Look forward to – I’m looking forward to the summer!

Pay for – Lisa paid for everyone’s lunch! It was very generous of her.

Prevent from –The police prevented people from entering the scene of the crime.

Rely on – I can always rely on my husband when I have a problem.

Shout at – Please don’t shout at me!

Smile at – That little girl is smiling at us! How cute!

Specialise in – Elena specialises in family law.

Spend (money) on – She spends a lot of money on eating out.

Suffer from – My grandma suffers from asthma.

Worry about – I’m worried about my son – he never studies.

Remember that dependent prepositions don’t follow a rule as to which preposition to use so we need to learn them and keep practising!


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